- suffix (usu. as -ific) forming adjectives meaning 'producing', 'making' (prolific; pacific).
-fically suffix forming adverbs.
Etymology: from or after F -fique or L -ficus f. facere do, make
* * *\\fik, fēk\ adjective suffixEtymology: Middle French & Latin; Middle French -fique, from Latin -ficus, from facere make, do — more at do
* * *a combining form meaning "making," "producing," "causing," appearing in adjectives borrowed from Latin: frigorific; honorific; pacific; prolific.[ < L -ficus making, producing, equiv. to -fic- (comb. form of facere to make) + -us adj. suffix; in some words r. -fique < MF < L -ficus]
* * *-fic /-fik/combining formDenoting causing, making or producing, as in horrificORIGIN: L -ficus, from facere to make
* * *-fic,suffix forming nouns from nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. making; causing: »
Pacific = making peace. Terrific = causing terror.╂[< Latin -ficus < -ficere, variant in compounds of facere do, make]
* * *
prolific | soporificOrigin:
* * *-fic, suffixrepr. L. -ficus ‘-making, -doing’ (f. weakened root of facĕre to make, do), forming adjs. (1) from ns., with the sense ‘making, causing, producing’, as in honōrificus, pācificus, or ‘performing’, as sacrificus; (2) from adjs., with the sense ‘performing actions of a certain kind’, as magnificus, also (in late and med.L.) with the sense ‘bringing into a specified state’, as beātificus; (3) from vbs., with the sense ‘causing to’, as horrificus, terrificus; (4) from advbs., only in beneficus, maleficus, adjs. of agency to the phrases bene, male facere to do good, do ill (to). Except in the two last-mentioned words, and in venēficus (contr. for *venēnificus), the suffix -ficus is always preceded by -i-, which is either the stem-vowel or a substitute for it, or a connecting-vowel appended to a consonant-stem. Most of the L. adjs. in -(i)ficus appear in Fr., the termination being adapted as -(i)fique; also in It., Sp., Pg., the form being -fico. In Eng. the suffix prob. first occurred in adoptions from Fr., like magnific, and was often spelt -(i)fique down to the 17th c. In mediæval and mod.L. new formations with -(i)ficus were very common, and many of them have passed, in adapted forms, into the Rom. langs. and Eng., as prolific, scientific. In scientific nomenclature new words are still sometimes formed by the addition of the representative of -(i)ficus to L. stems; such words, if accepted at all, are usually of international currency, and it is often uncertain in which lang. they were first used; Eng. examples are acidific, chylific, felicific, morbific.
Useful english dictionary. 2012.